Ghislain de Diesbach
Ghislain de Diesbach de Belleroche is a French writer and biographer.
[04-11] #CNOAC2017 G29: Glen Holmstead (Belvédère) 6 - 5 Ghislain East (Noranda) #curling
[05-11] #CNOAC2017 A02 (Quarter-Final): Ghislain Doyon (Belvédère) 5 - 3 Martin Ferland (Laviolette/Etchemin) #curling
[22-11] Top annonce de Ghislain, #ConducteurTGV du #TGV6681 Paris/Lyon ??Service qualité de haute voltige agrémenté d’un s…
[02-11] Regardez bien l'arrière gauche de #Guimarães ce soir je vais bientot vous parler de lui ? Ghislain #Konan ??
[12-11] Refs Ghislain Hebert and Francis Charron work #SJSharks #LAKings with Travis Gawryletz and Lonnie Cameron…
[03-11] #CNOAC2017 G19: Ghislain Doyon (Belvédère) 6 - 2 Glen Holmstead (Belvédère) #curling
Ghislain de Diesbach
Ghislain de Diesbach de Belleroche is a French writer and biographer.
* Ep Misunderstood Holy two _ 2017 ? photos by Ghislain Mirat
* L – R: Sean Both; Country Manager, Hydraulics & Pneumatics – Bosch Group, Olalekan Oyebode, (PT) Key User Manager; Bosch Nigeria, Paul Nwokolo; Sales Director -West & Central Africa-Security & Tech – Bosch, Ghislain Noumbessy; Managing Director – Nigeria Bosch, Markus Thill – Group President for Africa – Bosch, Francis Omoniyi – Sales Director; West Africa – Bosch, Ayokunmi Solesi; Business… View On WordPress
* The Orlesian Empire, or simply Orlais is currently the largest and the most powerful nation in Thedas. It was founded by Kordillus Drakon I and its capital is Val Royeaux, which also serves as the Chantry’s seat of power and home of the Divine. Orlais is ruled by an Emperor or Empress.
Culture and Society
Orlais is famed for its culture and extravagance. Drakon’s legacy continues to heavily influence Orlesian laws and social customs.
The capital city is Val Royeaux, which boasts the University of Orlais: a major center of learning that attracts young nobles from all over Thedas with the best education one can buy. The University is a relatively modern institution, whose liberal-minded professors have already clashed with religious conservatives over the content of their classes. This is likely to become a much larger issue in the future.
The Summerday holiday is particularly holy in Orlais. This holiday celebrates the beginning of summer and on this day children who come of age wear white tunics and gowns and join a procession to the local Chantry. When they reach it, they are taught the responsibilities of being an adult. It is celebrated at the beginning of Molioris.
In their personal lives, many Orlesians favor habits such as indulging in alcohol or smoking kohl pipes (Kohl is considered particularly illicit within the Circle of Magi). They also tend to prefer small “toy dogs” as companions, as opposed to the hearty Mabari war dogs favored in Ferelden.
Art is particularly prized in Orlais and has been a focus of Celene’s reign, who has inspired something of a cultural renaissance.
Famous artists include the legendary Henri de Lydes, whose mural of Andraste and her Disciples was the only piece of Chantry art not destroyed for featuring elves following the Exalted March on the Dales (Shartan is depicted in the mural, though his ears were cropped), and the painter Caliastri. Nobleman and sculptor Arwand de Glace also created a controversial nude sculpture of Andraste that was censored in an unusual manner. In more recent times, Ambrose Dumont, who mainly works with woodcuts, and Reynerius d'Auberive, a cosmetician, and painter, have proven very popular at the Orlesian court.
Under Celene’s rule, the restrictions on artistic expression imposed by the Chantry or the current ruler on theater have been lifted, leading to a resurgence in popularity. The sphere of theater, and thus the goings-on in one of Orlais’ most prestigious establishments, is a close reflection of the political climate of the country. Many a social scandal will even find itself immortalized as a play. Though theatrical works reflect central themes of Orlesian culture such as disdain towards Fereldens and reverence for Kordilius Drakon, a few striking contrasts can also be found. In a country where The Grand Game can be a matter of life and death, a character’s importance to the play and their gender is clearly defined by the appearance of their mask, an article which once donned is understood to be absolutely them. Elves have also done well in the theaters of Orlais, and are not only allowed to hold main parts and play humans but can also socially progress upon becoming famous.
The Grande Royeaux Theater in Val Royeauxis an important representation of Orlesian cultural heritage.
Famous plays include:
The Sword of Drakon: an Examination of the Life and History of the Father of Orlais , by Marquise Freyette - the first play to portray Drakon as a man beset by doubts, now a staple of Orlesian theater The Heir of Verchiel , by Paul Legrand - its first performance featured city elf Victor Boyet in the lead role, who was so well received the emperor rose from his seat when Boyet took the stage Wilkshire Downs , by A. Pourri - an enduringly popular play in which flatulence plays a major role The Setting of the Light , by Lumiere Bartlet - historians claim that the play’s conclusion was at once so hauntingly beautiful and shockingly vile it sparked the Great Riot of Val Royeaux in 4:52 Black. Only 14 pages remain today. Death in the Mansion , by Violette Armand - first play to use “False Face” (characters changing masks during the story), which was highly controversial at the time but has become unremarkable in recent times. Architecture
Orlesian architecture is heavily influenced by secular Gothic style. Just the same for clothing, no expense is spared for rich materials for prominent buildings, and architects do not shy away from color. Blue, gold, and white, in particular, are distinct colors for nobility. White marble with gold detail is a signature style for interiors. Impression is the biggest goal; it does not matter if a building is weak, so long as it does not look weak. Even the smallest objects are built with flair. Aesthetics trump practicality every time.
It is not uncommon to see religious iconography in secular buildings. Andraste and other Chantry figures are frequently incorporated into ornamentation.
Expensive renovations to keep up with trends occur as ages pass, but under it, all is the same, rotting wood. The further away from the heart of the rich, you go, the less extravagant things get, and the more flaws become visible.
The Class Divide
Orlais is a nation where class and social politics frequently rule the day. As such, the concerns and lives of the various classes can differ greatly. Among the nobility a penchant for high fashion is common, often copied in other lands such as Nevarra and the Free Marches but always at its most extreme within Orlais. Both men and women wear cosmetics of various kinds, with subtle differences that indicate social standing. In public, they are also prone to wearing very elaborate masks. These are hereditary and identify one’s family almost as unique as the heraldry on a crest. Servants also wear masks in public that are simpler and not so elaborate as their masters’ which indicate the noble household they serve.
Aristocratic society is vicious and marked by fawning envy to the powerful. Bards often entertain nobles in their courts despite their roles as spies, assassins, and saboteurs for their employers who are usually other nobles. Nobles welcome such entertainers with full knowledge that any could be a bard; the thrill of outwitting a spy is a notion the Orlesian aristocracy can hardly resist.
The lives of Orlesian nobility may give the impression that life is easy and prosperous for all. However, the lives of commoners are often much more difficult, while all aspire to the lives of the noble class. Many Orlesians are hardly well-to-do and work as freeholders, or else laborers on another’s property, often leading to general discontent and simmering resentment. For a class of people with little besides belief in the Chant of Light to uplift their lives, this discontent may cause friction with those seen as having unfair privileges or else upsetting their routine or religious beliefs, such as mages.
Furthermore, Orlesian commoners are at the mercy of the nation’s needs in a way that the nobility, and even the Chantry (including the Circle of Magi and Templar Order), are not. During war times, press gangs led by the nobility commonly force Orlesian peasants into military service willingly or no. Those who are not conscripted may be left starving by the demands of the army or else taken as slaves by opportunistic bandits.
Additionally, the chevaliers are allowed great liberties with commoners, up to and including murder and sexual assault.
The lot of elves in Orlais is unique as well, even from the common classes. Servitude, (often bearing little difference from outlawed slavery), is the existence of many. However, despite the aesthetic appreciation Orlesians have for elves, and the fact that some can potentially live more richly than most commoners, there does not seem to be the hope of social ascendance for them that is a possibility, however small, for humans.
A bare face in Orlais is considered gauche, especially in the presence of a foreigner or a commoner.
The Orlesian nobility and those who serve publicly are prone to wearing very intricate–as opposed to simply gaudy–masks in public. These masks, often half-masks specifically, are hereditary and identify one’s family and social class almost as unique as the heraldry on a crest: a family might be associated with a lion crest, and matching lion masks will identify them in public. Retainers and servants wear a simpler form of a family’s mask. Family symbols are well known among the Orlesian public, and anyone attempting to wear a mask that doesn’t belong to their house runs the risk of a quick death if discovered.
Wearing makeup is another popular tradition for both men and women in Orlais. Even chevaliers may wear cosmetics. There is both masculine and feminine makeup, although outsiders may have trouble telling the difference. Makeup can be a strong indicator of social standing. The quality and rarity of one’s makeup—uncommon hues and consistencies are prized—speak volumes about one’s status.
Orlesian nobility has clothing which is made of rich dyes, complex patterns, and fine fabrics. Rare colors and materials are used to imply wealth and status. They often lean towards flowing, layered garb.
Orlesian food is famous for being elaborate and extravagant. It has also been described as frilly and pretentious. Specialty dishes include the Nug-Nug, a dish made to look like a nug peeking out of a burrow and favored by Orlesian children; butter soup, a nourishing soup for convalescents, children, and field workers; the nesting roast, a delicacy first conceived by chef Bernard Huileux that consists in stuffing a quail in a pheasant stuffed in a swan. Many different kinds of desserts exist as well: the Blessed Apple, a pie made with apples from the orchards of Ghislain, supposedly blessed by the Maker at Andraste’s request; Marie du Lac Erre’s Sweet Ruin, tea biscuits sandwiched with cream and jam (there are also variations including chocolate); various confections of cake, wafers, cream, and fruit.
As for drinks, Orlais is the first importer of Antivan wine in Thedas and possesses its own vineyards as well. Spiced wine has been a popular drink in the Winter Palace since the Glory Age. The elves of Orlais usually drink dandelion wine instead, as they cannot afford vineyards or even grapes of their own. Politics Under the rule of the legendary Kordillus Drakon, the fledgling nation of Orlais rose to prominence. He used the Second Blight to expand its borders and the influence of the Chantry. While Orlais in the Dragon Age is nowhere near as large as it was under Drakon, it remains the most powerful nation in Thedas, and Drakonâ€™s legacy continues to heavily influence Orlesian laws and social customs. In Orlais, land is owned exclusively by the aristocracy and titles are granted by the Council of Heralds.Â Power rests solely in the Emperor or Empress as in many monarchies in Thedas where power descends from the throne, unlike Ferelden whose power derives from the support of freeholders. Many Orlesian nobles belong to its renowned knightly order, the chevaliers. The martial training of the chevaliers is legendarily harsh, instilling in the knights a fierce discipline and code of honor that takes precedence over the value of their own lives. The penalty for dishonor is death, something that a Chevalier would welcome if he or she has failed their lord. They are honored by many and are considered amongst the best of all soldiers but they also have unlimited rights when it comes to handling the peasantry; a cause of many conflicts. The Grand Game “The game” refers to the perpetual competition for influence and esteem between the Orlesian nobles. Every Orlesian of noble birth is subject to their peers’ manipulation, if not as a player, then as a pawn, and the only way out seems to be joining the Chantry or affiliated organizations such as the Templar Order and the Circle of Magi. The goals of the game are personal prestige, reputation, and patronage, and its “rules” are as simple as “anything goes”. Nobles often employ assassins or, more often, bards to accomplish these goals. Social engineering is also important in this aspect of Orlesian culture, and masks, elaborate dress, and social engagements are important tools to further the Game. The lower classes of Orlesian society also attempt to participate in the Game, even though it would be assumed they would view it with contempt. However, despite the Game offering a veneer of genuine social mobility through accumulated wealth and patronage, with the ultimate aim of a title, the chances of this happening are in reality very slim. Though it appears meritocratic, the Grand Game offers most commoners only a faint hope that “is enough to keep the poor preoccupied and the rich in power.” Foreign relations Centuries of expansionist behavior has contributed to Orlais having sour relations with its neighbors. The empire has invaded Ferelden twice, battled with Nevarra, organized four Exalted Marches against Tevinter, squandered favor with the Free Marches and crushed the Dales. The Ferelden people they especially look down upon, thinking them brutish and uncivilized. They are sneered down upon as “Ferelden turnips”. However, they maintain a good relationship with the dwarves of Orzammar with which they share borders in the western side of the Frostback Mountains. The dwarves provide the empire with lyrium and minerals, as well as smithing. Lyrium is especially important as it is consumed by the Chantry’s templars.
Diesbach had glimpsed the potential of making compounds. Diesbach vislumbró un potencial para producir compuestos.
Diesbach added green vitriol, what we now call iron sulphate, unaware he was about to create a complex iron compound, Ferric ferrocyanide, or Prussian Blue. Diesbach adicionó vitriolo verde, que hoy llamamos sulfato ferroso, sin saber que iría a crear un compuesto de hierro complejo, el ferrocianuro férrico, o azul de Prusia.